Pursuit of Freedom - Excerpts
Susanne Reyto's recollections are vivid and fascinating
Susanne Reyto's recollections are vivid
and fascinating. Many are supported by rare government documents
that substantiate what some had thought was only speculation.
You may be shocked at what they describe and baffled at how such
things could possibly have occurred.
Under Communism, the government controlled and dictated our lives. We had no rights. We had to abide by their
rules and orders, we had no other choice. The following translated excerpts are testimony to that oppressive
The first document is a copy of a correspondence between the Prime
Minister and his deputy, recommending a procedure of displacement
of a select group which included my parents and I. Followed by
other documents that illustrate their evil plan.
Comrade Rakosi, Farkas, Revai:
Attached is the committee’s recommendation for
the deportation process from Budapest.
Having read their recommendation, it is my opinion that the committee
wants to create too much attention, which would be politically
harmful. I believe there is no reason to rush into deporting 12-18,000
people in a hurry, within one week, from Budapest. We have to do
it slower and quietly. There is a drawback if we do it slowly,
as those who expect to become victims sooner or later will sell
their valuables and furnishings under the table, or hide them with
friends. I believe this we could handle. However, the slow, methodical
process will have the advantage of fewer mistakes, easier placement
of the people in the country for both accommodations and job assignments,
and it will not look like a massive late-night brutal method of
transportation… I believe we should carry out 100-150 deportations
per week and continue until the fall. Accordingly, we only need
to use the ministries very little, since we have already assigned
them a larger workload than they can handle.
1951 April 27. Gero
Recorded May 5, 1951, 12noon, with regard to the elimination of
undesirable persons from Budapest.
Present: Rakosi, Gero, …
The committee regarding the elimination of undesirable people
from Budapest recommends the following procedure:
The elimination procedure
will be carried out by the Ministry of Interior with the complete
The first week they will be taken to Szolnok district.
The removal and elimination will be done through
police channels, and within 24 hours of notices being sent. The
belongings will become property of the State and sold off at the
National Antique Shop. We have to work out whether to put several
families in one box car or only one. Perhaps a passenger car can
be attached to the train.
We have to make sure that there will be no gathering
of any kind at the train stops on the way. Only the local police
to inform them of their assigned Housing, and they can only leave
with the permission of the local authorities. The displaced people’s
apartments will be assigned to 30% military officers, 40% industrial
workers, and 30% Party officials and ministerial employees. The
actual apartment assignments must be worked out with comrade Pongracz,
according to the above breakdown.
Regarding the displacement of undesirable people
from Budapest. The transport begins at 4 a.m. and is done by
truck, making two
rounds of pickups. On arrival at the new location the transfer
from train station to houses depends on local conditions, either
by truck or horse-drawn cart. This week, the first group on May
22 went to Kotelek, the second to …
According to the experiment so far, the displacement was orderly.
We recommend increasing the displacement to 200-225 families, the
truck making three rounds. By beginning at 3am, the transfer and
boarding can be complete by 10am.
Budapest, May 26, 1951 - Hazi”
Document issued to my parents:
MINISTRY OF INTERIOR
FEKETE GYORGY..original profession..TECHNICAL EQUIPMENT WHOLESALER
XIII …district …FURST SANDOR …street…. 9…the undersigned
resident and living in the same household...MRS FEKETE GYORGY and
child Fekete Zsuzsanna Marianna…(handwritten in later)……………………………………………...
according to the…8130/1939 K.B number order and the 760/1939 number
I ORDER TO EXPEL IMMEDIATELY FROM THE TERRITORY
OF BUDAPEST AND I DESIGNATE AS PLACE OF RESIDENCE…SZOLNOK…district…………
…KOTELEK…town… In case you want to settle in another district
(at a relative’s or friend’s), after occupying the present ordered
location you must submit a request for a new residence to the appropriate
district. You have to submit an affidavit from the person inviting
you and the appropriate district County council that they are willing
to accept you.
Complaint against this final decision can be submitted only to
the Budapest Police Headquarters. In spite of any complaint, this
order is final and non-postponable.
By this order of the government…1/a 6.000/1940 number … … your
home, which is the result of this expulsion must be transferred
in writing within 24 hours.
BUDAPEST, 1951 MAY 18………………………………
Stamp of the Interior Ministry…
Additional information on reverse.